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COMPLETION CEREMONY of the 3. Phase of the project “CONSERVATION, RESTORATION AND TRAINING AT THE PHUNG TIEN TEMPLE COMPLEX, HUE IMPERIAL CITY, VIETNAM” AND THE ANOUNCEMENT OF THE FOLLOW-UP FIVE-YEAR PROJECT BETWEEN HUE MONUMENTS CONSERVATION CENTRE AND THE GERMAN SOCIETY OF THE PRESERVATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
Update: 19/04/2021 05:17:54
(Hue City, April 20th, 2021) Permitted by the the People’s Committee of Thua Thien Hue Province, Hue Monuments Conservation Centre (HMCC) and The Non-profit Society for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage (GEKE) co-organize the Completion Ceremony of the Project “Conservation and restoration two of the five rear gates of Phung Tien Temple complex and the wall connecting these two gates, and training in the Hue Imperial City”. This is the follow-up project of the previous cooperation success of GEKE and HMCC at Phung Tien Temple in 2017-2019, with the total budget of 49,944 Euro (equal to 1,324,614,768 VND) sponsored by the Cultural Preservation Programme (CPP) of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs via the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Hanoi from October 2020 to February 2021. The project involved the conservation and restoration of 02 gates of Phung Tien Temple complex and their connecting walls. It also included technical training of local artisans and classes for students carried out by the conservation expert of GEKE Ms. Andrea Teufel, which combined both the theory and practice of heritage preservation right at the construction and to raise awareness for cultural heritage preservation to students in the province.

Phung Tien Temple was one of the five important temples of Nguyen Dynasty. It was built in the 13th year of Emperor Gia Long’s reign (1814), and was originally named Hoàng Nhân (皇仁). At that time, since the temple was only for worshipping Empress Thua Thien Cao-the wife of Emperor Gia Long, it was small and simple (3 apartments). At the 10th year of Emperor Minh Mang’s reign (1829), the emperor has the temple rebuilt with larger scale, and had it renamed from Hoàng Nhân to Phụng Tiên. It was then the temple worshipping emperors and empresses of Nguyen Dynasty, where females were allowed to join the ceremony and daily thurification. At first, the temple had been located at the north of Thai Mieu Temple, and was moved to the present location in 1837. As an ancestral temple, the death anniversaries were done there, where every royalties arrived at for thurification like what the folk did. The complex of Phung Tien Temple included 05 main constructions namely the Main Hall, East-West Houses, and Left-Right Houses, as well as many other subordinate constructions of classical style such as the systems of main gate, front screen, pond with rockery, and so forth. Over 180 years, the Phung Tien Temple has been conserved and restored serveral times until February 1947, when it was completely destroyed. Only several vestiges like all 6 gates, the enclosure wall and the rear Binh Phong were preserved in poor condition. In Phase 3 of the project, three different courses for children and students were developed and implemented in cooperation with HMCC in the Imperial City: 1) PAINTING OF THE HERITAGE - with traditional Vietnamese motives of the Nguyen Dynasty), a total of 3 sessions ( ½ day) with 16 pupils each from 6 to 14 years; 2) FRESCO - the traditional painting technique for wall paintings & building decoration and its restoration, 1 session (2 days) with 12 architecture students from Hue University; 3) PRESERVATION OF THE HERITAGE - An introduction to the conservation- restoration of the heritage buildings of the Phung Tien Temple complex, 1 session (1 day) with 9 students of Architecture and Art of the Hue University. It is targeted that, during the next 05 years (2021-2026), HMCC and GEKE will cooperate to complete the conservation and restoration of all existing structures of Phung Tien Temple complex and rehabilitate the destroyed buildings of this complex via the ‘Virtual Reconstruction’. This will help to imagine the original appearance and transmit the true values of Phung Tien Temple complex in a contemporary and understandable way. The concept of “conservation, restoration and virtual reconstruction” could be a good model for other heritage sites in Vietnam. The activities of previous project phases 1, 2 and 3 and the upcoming phases 4,5 and 6 are as followed:

- Phase 1, from 2017-2018: C&R (conservation-restoration) of the main gate, binh phong, rockery pool and training of project participants - Phase 2, 2019: C&R of gate Nr. 02 as 'exam of selected Phase 1 project participants - Phase 3, from 2020 to February 2021: C&R of gate Nr. 01 and 03 and its connecting walls, technical training of project participants and training sessions for students of schools and universities - Phase 4, from March 2021 to 2022: C&R of the backside Binh Phong, gate Nr. 04, enclosure walls, technical training of project participants, training sessions for students of schools and universities and virtual reconstruction - Phase 5, 2023-24: C&R of gate Nr. 05, enclosure walls, technical training of project participants, training sessions for students of schools and universities - Phase 6, 2025-26: C&R of enclosure walls, technical training of project participants, training sessions for students, documentation, evaluation. Tourists will have chances to understand the architecture and spiritual life of Nguyen Dynasty as well as the cultural, historical and aesthetical values of that time. The restored originals help to highlight the solemnity of the construction, and make Hue Imperial City be more poetically ancient. The measures and aims of the cooperation project helps to reflect the diversity and the outstanding values of Hue royal architecture in the Complex of Hue Monuments - the World Cultural Heritage. Also, it will help to raise awareness of the younger generation and the local community for the contribution of Vietnamese government and international NGOs to Hue heritage preservation and restoration.  With the above-mentioned significances and results, the project once again confirms the deep concern of the local government, the German Office of Foreign Affairs via the Embassy of Germany and German experts in Hue heritage conservation and enhancement. In addition, it reflects the right position and competence of Hue Monuments Conservation Centre in the international projects carried out at Hue. The project, moreover, is an evidence of the friendly and sustainable cooperation between Vietnam and Germany in the conservation of cultural heritage in Vietnam.    

REFERENCE *Project excecutor: The People’s Committee of Thua Thien Hue Province *Project sponsor: German Ministry of Foreign Affairs with its ‘Cultural Preservation Programme’ (CPP) via the Embassy of Germany in Hanoi and the non-profit Society for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage (GEKE). *Project implementing agency and sponsee: Hue Monuments Conservation Centre.

*International partner: The Non-profit Society for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage (GEKE) .  

1. Information about the project excecutor: 1.1 Non-governmental organization for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage e.V. Fulda, Germany (GEKE) The Conservation of Cultural Heritage e.V.Fulda, Germany was established in 1999 for preserving of  cultural heritage buildings. The headquarter is in the city of Fulda, at the Propstei of castle Johannesberg, Federal Republic of Germany. Its registration number in the Fulda court is 1704. The main target of the association is to initiate, support and conduct heritage preservation projects. Thereby the focus is on investigation, research and implementation. Conducting the investigation into the historical constructions to cut down the manitanance cost (preventive maintenance), encouraging and supporting the preservation of monuments such as the conservation and restoration of recognized monuments and archeological sites pursuant to the laws of different nations, and encouraging the heritage education as well as technique training are of great concerns. Until now, the association successfully carried out many restoration projects and cooperation programs in Europe (e.g. Germany, Russia and Poland), and 9 projects in south east Asia (mainly in Hue/Vietnam, as well in Vietiane/Laos and in Bagan/Myanmar). For more information, please visit: www.denkmalservice.de  

1.2 Hue Monuments Conservation Centre Hue Monuments Conservation Centre was officially established on June 10, 1982 under the professional guidance of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, and the personnel management of the People's Committee of Thua Thien Hue Province, and the technical guidance and consultancy of  UNESCO. Hue Monuments Conservation Centre (HMCC) has been responsible for managing, preserving and promoting the tangible values of the Complex of Hue Monuments, and the intangible values of Nha Nhac-Vietnamese Court Music, the Literature on Hue Royal Architecture, and the cultural landscape of the Complex of Hue Monuments. Besides, HMCC performs scientific research, formulates technical projects of heritage conservation and restoration, producing traditional materials, creating museum displays, embellishing the landscape, and promoting the traditional cultural values of Hue. The heritage restoration has been done professionally, complying strictly the International Convention about the heritage preservation, the Laws on Cultural Heritage Preservation and Regulations in preserving and restoring the historical and cultural sites, as well as regulations in the basic construction ensuring the preservation standards and authenticity of the relics. The preservation of the Complex of Hue Monuments has been done and gained remarkable achievements. This helps increase the position of Vietnam generally and Hue cultural heritages particularly worldwide. Up to now, the Centre has been one of the leading agencies in the heritage preservation of Vietnam with close relationship with international associations for the cooperation and sharing. Importantly, the heritage preservation in Hue has always been attatched to the heritage using and promotion that focuses on the tourist service for the socio-economic development of Thua Thien Hue Province as well as the Central typicalized with the so-called: "Culture, heritage, ecology, landscape, environmentally friendly and smart". By 2025, Thua Thien Hue Province will have been the city of Central-governed level on the basis of preserving and promoting the value of the Complex of Hue Monuments and Hue cultural identity. For more information, please access: www.huedisan.com.vn hoặc www.hueworldheritage.org.vn.  

2. Cooperation projects on conservation between HMCC and German partners Since 2002, HMCC and German partners have effectively cooperated to implement the conservation and technical training programs at Hue heritage site, which has been greatly appreciated by the experts and the public worldwide, especially and specifically with the interior decoration of European style.  

2.1 Project for Conservation, Restoration of the interior and technical training at An Dinh Residence - Hue in 2002-2008: In 2002, Hue Monuments Conservation Centre cooperated with the Association of ‚Leibniz Society of Cultural Exchange‘ - Federal Republic of Germany developed this project and requested the ‚Cultural Preservation Programme (CPP)’ of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs for financial and technical funding. The project was approved by CPP, and its Phase 1 carried out in 2003 with the conservation-restoration of 6 murals in the main hall of Khai Tuong Lau Pavilion, and the investigation of all interior decoration details in Phase 2 (17,580 Euro funded). Phase 3 was implemented from 2005-2008 to preserve and restore the main rooms of Khai Tuong Lau Pavillion combined with the practical training for 13 local artists and artisans concerning the mural restoration for the benefit of local restoration. The cooperation was implemented with ‘Leibniz Society’, followed by the Association ‘East meets West’ and since 2008 with the Association GEKE. The non-refundable funding of the CPP was 355,000.- Euro.  

2.2 Conservation-restoration of Buu Thanh Gate and Geomantic front screen at Tu Duc Tomb with technical training: GEKE cooperated with HMCC to successfully implement this project in 2009-2010. Like in the previous Cung An Dinh project, it was not only a conservation activity but also an technical training course. Scientific analysis of the original traditional materials were conducted in order to understand better the damages of the relics to provide solutions for conservation and restoration of Hue heritage buildings  in its typical climatic conditions. The project was implemented with a fund of 110,525.- Euro from the CPP of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs.  

2.3 Conservation-restoration of the Toi Linh Tu Temple at Phu Noi Vu complex in the Hue Imperial City with technical training: The project was implemented in 2011-2012, with a budget of 91,395.- Euro to conserve and restore this precious heritage building helping to improve the appearance of the Imperial City that impresses tourists and local community.

2.4 The project for conservation and restoration of the Interior of the Ta Vu house, the left Mandarin house at  the Hue Imperial City in 2012-2014: The CPP of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs continued the preservation activities in Hue with the fund of 139,660.- Euro. In addition to the main goal of restoring the interior decoration of ‘Ta Vu Mandarin house’, to provide a theoretical and practical vocational training program for a number of young Hue artists and craftsmen about preservation of the decorative art works in UNESCO standards, the project also collaborated with the Hue Museum of Royal Antiquities to exhibit a part of the history of the Nguyen Dynasty, and create an interesting stopover for tourists in their journey at Hue Imperial City, due to understand more about Hue heritage and culture.  

2. 5 The Project on restoration of the Portal, Front Screen and Rockery pond accompanied with the technical training at Phung Tien Temple Complex in Hue Imperial City: The project was proposed and successfully implemented in 2017-2019 in cooperation of HMCC and GEKE with excellent results. The CPP of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced a grant of 139,446.- Euro for the “project on restoration of Gate, Front Screen and Rockery accompanied with the technical training at Phung Tien Temple-Hue Imperial City in 2017-2019” to preserve and create a extraordinary spot for tourists in the entire Complex of Hue Monuments. Moreover, the project transferred traditional and scientific technology to project participants, who are architects, artists, traditional craftsmen of HMCC and other agencies of heritage preservation in Hue.

2. 6. Conservation and restoration of two of the five rear gates of Phung Tien Temple Complex and the connecting walls and training classes, Hue Imperial City: Following the initial project in Phung Tien complex, the CPP of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs supported GEKE and HMCC with the fund of 49,944.- Euro (equal to VND 1,324,614,768) from October 2020 to February 2021. Two of the five rear gates of Phung Tien Temple complex and the connecting wall were restored. The project also combined several training classes at Phung Tien Temple complex to raise awareness of heritage preservation and restoration for students around Thua Thien Hue Province, theoretically and practically.  

For further information, please contact:

Hue Monuments Conservation Centre –HMCC - Mr. Vo Le Nhat, Director   Phone: (84 54) 3530840; Cellphone: 0914.002 034 - Ms. Le Thi Thanh Binh, Head of Dept. Cooperation and Foreirgn Affairs Phone: (84 54) 3512751;Cellphone: (84) 935.100 776 Email: huedisan@gmail.com Website : www.huedisan.com.vn & www.hueworldheritage.org.vn.       Society for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage  - GEKE: - Ms. Andrea Teufel, Project Leader and  Chief Conservator-Restorer Cellphone Vietnam: +84 (0)93 - 58 84 860 Adress: 460 Chi Lang, TP Hue Cellphone Germany : +49(0)172 324 19 69 (WhatsApp) Email: a.teufel@gmx.de / andrea.teufel65@gmail.comProject informations: https://vietnam.diplo.de/vn-de/themen/kultur/-/2420626 https://vietnam.diplo.de/vn-de/-/2420624      
 
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